Ingredient Glossary

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Hale & Hush uses ingredients from natural and sustainable plants, flowers and algae. Our proprietary blends of botanicals, nutritional and biotech components are strategically balanced for sensitive skin stages. . This glossary will help you to understand the key ingredients we use, and why we use them in our formulas.

GLOSSARY TERMS (A-Z)

3-0-Ethyl Ascorbic Acid (L)

Derivative of Ascorbic Acid with hydrophilic and lipophilic properties; whitens by acting as a tyrosinase inhibitor; highly stable and antioxidant; low molecular weight creates high absorption rate; enhances collagen synthesis and skin elasticity; anti-inflammatory; gentle and non-irritating.

Albizia Julibrissin

A natural, stand-alone anti-glycation phenomenal ingredient from the Persian silk tree which renews skin tone and texture while reducing dark circles.

Aloe Barbadensis Flower Extract

Promotes healing and has soothing properties.

Allantoin

A natural skin protectant, anti-irritant and anti-inflammatory derived from the Comfrey Plant. It also helps skin retain more water for a softer and smoother texture.

Amino Esters-1

Skin-conditioning agent comprised of Aspartic Acid, Arginine, Glycine, Glutamic Acid, Histidine, Lysine and their esters.

Anthocyanins

derived from black rice; provides superior antioxidant activity to fight free radicals and oxidative damage of the skin; anti-aging; defends against UV damage.

Artemisia Vulgaris (Mugwort) Extract/Algae Extract

Special Algae and Mugwort (Artemisia Vulgaris) Extract combo rich in nutritious amino acids, polypeptides and cellular carbohydrates; combats irritation and redness.

Beta-Glucan (D) (Oat Kernel Heart)

Chirally-correct polysaccharide whose research shows it has the ability to support immune response to inflammation, damage and infection.

Betula Alba Bark Extract (Birch Tree Heart)

Contains natural anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and immune-stimulating constituents to help improve skin’s response to stressors.

Biosaccharide gum-4

Despite how it may sound, this is an all-natural ingredient that forms a type of transparent “second-skin” to help protect against pollution, heavy metals and UV irradiation.

Bisabolol (L-alpha) (Candela Tree)

A renowned botanical that is famous for its anti-irritant and anti-redness abilities, due to it is the key molecular center of Chamomile, which is so well-known and widely used.

Boswellia Serrata Extract (Boswellia Serrata Plant Heart)

Used in Ayurvedic medicine, it has powerful anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.

Bromelain Enzyme

From pineapple fruit; gently exfoliates and helps reduce swelling and bruising; anti-inflammatory and healing activity.

Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter

Very high in healing Vitamin E which provides UV free-radical protection, highly emollient and moisturizing, yet quick absorption.

Calamine

Anti-pruritic (anti-itch), antiseptic and astringent for conditions like eczema, rashes, blisters and insect bites.

Carnosine (L) Benfotiamine

Endogenous free-radical scavenger and anti-glycation complex; helps protect and maintain collagen integrity; chirally-correct.

Carnitine (L)

Chirally-correct with anti-glycation, anti-inflammatory, hydrating and brightening effects; transports fatty acids to the mitochondria in order to produce cellular energy; enhances cellular renewal.

Cholesteryl Nonanoate, Cholesteryl Oleyl Carbonate, Cholesteryl Stearate

A liquid crystal fluid comprised of “cholesteryl”, which is the form of cholesterol for cellular storage; cholesterol is an essential component of cell structure, communication and biochemistry; topical liquid crystal enhances skin’s lipid levels, barrier function, softness and flexibility.

Coccinia Indica Fruit Extract

Red fruit used as natural pigment; anti-bacterial properties.

Crocus Sativus (Saffron) Meristem Cell Extract

Antioxidant rich-stem; natural lightening and anti-inflammatory properties; Studies have shown Saffron also contains a carotenoid called crocetin that helps prevent the growth of cancer cells.

Curcuma Longa (Turmeric) Root Extract

Antioxidant, healing and anti-inflammatory; yellow pigment.

Daisy Flower Extract

Naturally lightens skin by modulating various pathways of melanin synthesis, including melanocyte and tyrosinase activity.

Eclipta Prostrata Extract, Melia Azadirachta (Neem) Leaf Extract and Moringa Pterygosperma Seed Oil

Botanical extracts that contribute to the serum’s color as well as provide antimicrobial and conditioning properties.

Epilobium Angustifolium Extract

Derived from the Willowherb plant, specifically the flower, leaf, and stem, and abates inflammation, bacterial growth, and environmentally- and oxidation-induced damage, while also reducing redness and irritation.

Ergothioneine (L)

Antioxidant that protects skin from oxidative and DNA damage; protects the mitochondrial membrane against oxidation; chirally-correct.

Ficin (Fig)

Extract from fig with protease activity; exfoliates by breaking down the bonds of dead skin cells to ease their removal.

Fructooligosaccharide (D-beta)

A naturally occurring carbohydrates derived from cane or beet sugar, promotes growth of healthy probiotic bacteria to strengthen skin immunity.

Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract

Helps improve skin’s response to and recovery from stress, damage and inflammation; supports collagen production; anti-allergy; antioxidant.

Glutamylamidoethyl Imidazole

Specialized chronopeptide that mimics the effect of sun exposure on circadian gene expression to help synchronize skin’s biorhythm.

Glycyrrhetinic Acid (Licorice Root Heart)

Renown for its anti-inflammatory properties. Also has antimicrobial effects, and acts as a natural brightener (tyrosinase inhibitor).

Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Water

Soothing and refreshing, it is well known for its astringent power as well as its ability to help reduce swelling and inflammation. It also has reparative, antiseptic and antioxidant properties.

Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil

Organic, a light oil that will not leave skin feeling oily; rich in EFA’s (Essential Fatty Acids) Linoleic Acid, Palmitic Acid and Stearic Acid, which are components of healthy skin and rich in Carotenoids, Vitamin E and Vitamin Bs.

Horse Chestnut Bark Extract

Toning and astringent agent that helps reduce inflammation, redness, and circulatory swelling.

IconicA®

Patented optimized form of Vitamin A; performs closest to Retinoic Acid in a cosmetic topical, providing the ultimate wrinkle reduction and prevention properties to skin; is the least irritating Vitamin A to skin, making it a perfect ingredient for all skin types; is the first stable Retinal (Retinaldehyde), offering the highest, most effective activity value to skin. In a 4-week study, 90% of women saw significant improvement in radiance/brightness, tactile smoothness, visual smoothness, fine lines, overall photo damage, overall evenness of skin tone, and global assessment of overall appearance.

Lactic Acid (L)

Chirally-correct form of the naturally occurring alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) Lactic Acid. Lactic is an exfoliant that helps reduce texture and complexion problems (such as wrinkles and uneven tone) by breaking down dead cellular buildup and assisting new cell turnover. Since it also has humectant properties, it supports moisture levels, thereby protecting dehydrated skins from becoming even dryer and more brittle. Of all the AHAs, Lactic Acid is generally regarded as one of the most gentle.

Lactobacillus Ferment Lysate Filtrate

Has properties that are capable of motivating collagen synthesis, increasing oxygen uptake and improving cellular respiration and energy production; soothing benefits.

Lactobacillus/Pomegranate Fruit Extract

Derived from the fermentation of pomegranate extract by lactobacillus bacteria; antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial.

Lawsonia Inermis (Henna) Extract

Commonly used as pigment; anti-inflammatory; anti-bacterial properties.

Lecithin

Emollient, supports NMF (Natural Moisturization Factor) in skin.

Lysophosphatidic Acid

Derived from phosphatidylcholine, which is a class of essential phospholipids involved in membrane-mediated-cell-signaling within the body. Topically, Lysophosphatidic Acid stimulates cell differentiation, improves keratinization and limits parakeratosis – inflammation disrupts these processes, often leading to irregular skin growth. When applied twice a day for at least four (4) weeks, individuals reported a 20% reduction in pore size.

Malic Acid (L)

Derived from apples, smooths skin, promotes cellular renewal; chirally-correct.

Mandelic Acid (L)

Chirally-correct form of the naturally occurring alpha hydroxyl acid (AHA) Mandelic Acid. Like other AHA exfoliants, Mandelic helps slough dead skin cells and assist cell turnover to help improve texture and complexion problems, such as wrinkles and uneven tone. What’s unique about Mandelic is its ability to be as effective in treating mature skin conditions as Glycolic Acid but with significantly less irritation and redness, especially for those with sensitive or darker skins. With added antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects, Mandelic is an ideal choice for a wider range of skin conditions and types looking for an improved appearance with fewer side effects.

Manuka Honey

When New Zealand bees harvest the nectar of the native manuka plant, you get the world-renowned Manuka Honey. In addition to having the highest antibacterial activity of all honeys, studies show it has unique proteins that enhance immune activity and stimulate anti-inflammatory response. Wounds treated with Manuka exhibit not only excellent recovery but also accelerated recovery. Other benefits of topical Manuka include antioxidant, humectant and protective effects.

Matrixyl Palmitoyl Tripeptide-38

Peptide that stimulates and strengthens collagen and improves overall skin function.

Melia Azadirachta (Neem) Leaf Extract and Melia Azadirachta (Neem) Flower Extract

Botanical skin brighteners; promote healing; anti-bacterial and antioxidant properties.

Mirabilis Jalapa Extract

Also known as the “four o’clock flower”, this delicate flower’s extract is exceptionally successful at calming reactive skin, including reducing discomfort (like sensations of pain, itching and stinging) and visible redness; improves skin’s long-term resilience against sensitivity triggers; supports skin’s barrier function and improve hydration.

Moringa Pterygosperma Seed Extract

From the Moringa Tree in Africa and Asia, it soothes the skin with rich nutrients and antioxidants; has ability to repel environmental pollutants.

Niacinamide

The amide form of Niacin, or Vitamin B3; normalizes age-associated depletions of nicotinamide coenzymes, stimulates collagen synthesis, produces essential lipids, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, improves epidermal barrier function, inhibits skin pigmentation (brightening), helps smooth fine lines, boosts micro-circulation.

Ocimum Basilicum (Basil) Leaf Extract

Astringent and soothing; contains beta-caryophyllene with anti-inflammatory effects; natural pigment.

Ocimum Sanctum Leaf Extract

Commonly referred to as Tulsi or Holy Basil; contains anthocyanin pigments; anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.

Olea Europaea (Olive) Leaf Extract

High antioxidant activity; also exhibits healing, antimicrobial, anti-redness, anti-cancer, and anti-inflammatory effects; improves skin’s defense against UV damage.

Papain Enzyme

From papaya fruit; gently exfoliates by breaking down and dissolving dead skin; brightening activit.

Pearl Powder

Works to revitalize, protect and hydrate skin; pearls consist of aragonite (CaCO3) and traces of Conchiolin, a silk-fibroin-like compound; Traditional Chinese medicine believes the valuable minerals and amino acids from pearl powder can nourish the skin and slow down aging processes by improving the metabolism, supporting moisture and protection against environmental-damage effects; also known for detoxifying and brightening effects.

Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil

Rich in Palmitoleic acid, that easily penetrates and lubricates skin.

Phenyl t-Butylnitrone (Spin Trap)

Phenyl t-Butylnitrone (PBN) is an intelligent and powerful antioxidant compound known as a “Spin Trap” because of how it targets and traps free radicals to convert them to stable molecules that are no longer destructive for removal by the body or for reuse in various cellular processes; PBN is particularly effective against the aggressive hydroxyl and superoxide radicals to provide superior protection for mitochondria and DNA, which are especially susceptible to those two radicals.

Phosphatidylcholine

Constituent of healthy cell membranes.

Phytosterols

Plant “cholesterol” necessary to healthy skin.
Plantago Lanceolata Leaf Extract: organic; from the herbaceous plantain plant (unrelated to the banana-like fruit); used since prehistoric times for its astringent, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and anti-allergy abilities.

Porphyra Umbilicalis (Red Algae) Extract

Unique organism that produces the most powerful UV-absorbing substances in nature, and the extract itself absorbs UVA/UVB light.

Resistem™ (Globularia Cordifolia)

Plant stem cell extract which is known as the anti-aging bodyguard due to its ability to encourage a defense system in the heart of the skin. In other words, it provides skin with the power of self-protection and self-restoration. It also promotes detoxification (maintains proteasome activity), cell lifespan extension (stimulates sirtuin-1) and tissue regeneration (helps to preserves skin stem cells). Also anti-inflammatory.

Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil

Rich in the fatty acid ricinoleic, skin softener, anti-inflammatory properties.

Rubus Chamaemorus (Cloud Berry) Seed Oil

Related to the raspberry; rich in essential fatty acids, phytosterols and antioxidants; twice the vitamin C content of oranges; UV-protecting carotenoids; helps detoxify skin for brightness and radiance.

Salix Alba (Willow) Bark Extract (White Willow Bark Heart)

Contains Salicin, which is an inflammatory/analgesic compound chemically similar to acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin).

Schrophularia Nodosa (Figwort) Extract

Soothes itching and irritation; helps reduce swelling.

Sesamum Indicum (Sesame Seed) Oil

Rich in EFA and Vitamin E content.

Sodium Hyaluronate (L)

Form of Hyaluronic Acid and a humectant that holds up to a 1,000 times its weight in water to provide maximum hydration and to help plump thirsty skin; chirally-correct.

Solanum Melongena (Eggplant) Fruit Extract

Contains nasunin, pigment that gives purple color; antioxidant properties.

Tocopherol (D-alpha)

Chirally-correct naturally occurring fat soluble form of Vitamin E, antioxidant protects from oxidative stress, anti-inflammatory.

Tocotrienols (Palm Tree)

Concentrated Vitamin E activity, antioxidant.
Totarol (Podarus Totara Heart): one of Mother Nature’s most powerful antimicrobial extracts. It is sustainably harvested from the bark of the New Zealand Totara Tree.

Ursolic Acid

Widespread presence in nature (from apple peels to oregano). Topically, Ursolic Acid forms an added protective barrier and it exhibits Matrix Metalloproteinase inhibitor (MMPi) abilities, meaning it protects and supports healthy collagen. Ursolic Acid has shown anti-cancer, antimicrobial and healing abilities, as well.

Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil

Rich in linoleic acid.

Zinc Oxide

Beyond its value for daytime UVA/UVB protection— Zinc Oxide is a calming and soothing ingredient for red irritated skin. Hence its use in baby balms.